Future Proof Fuels in Maritime Applications
Diesel is 3,000 times more energy-dense than hydrogen at ambient conditions. If you compress hydrogen to 300 bar, that number reduces to 14 times. In order to enable long haul shipping trips without any harmful emissions, technological breakthroughs are needed for a safe, green fuel that can compete with fossil fuels.
The huge fuel demand, limited fuel-tank size, long travel distance in combination with the inability to re-fuel at open sea makes hydrogen in its pure form an unsuitable option as a fuel for large-scale application. However, there are opportunities for hydrogen carriers such as ammonia or methanol to be used as fuel.
In collaboration with Oxford University we are performing R&D on the application of green hydrogen compounds (methanol, ammonia, formic acid, etc.) as maritime fuels. In particular, we are:
- Investigating technologies for the conversion of low carbon liquid fuels (LCLFs) to another form of energy (e.g. hydrogen or electricity);
- Optimizing the efficiency and sensitivity of some potential catalysts for hydrogen generation from LCLFs and fuel cell applications;
- Critically assessing current technologies in terms of technical feasibility and large-scale deployment.